Python has been consistently popular due to its readability and versatility. It's widely used in web development, data analysis, artificial intelligence, machine learning, and more.
Java is a stalwart in enterprise software development, Android app development, and backend systems. The introduction of Java 17 and ongoing improvements to the language keep it relevant.
Swift is Apple's programming language for building iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS applications. As the Apple ecosystem expands, proficiency in Swift is valuable for mobile app developers.
Kotlin is another language for Android app development. It offers concise syntax, null safety, and interoperability with Java. Many developers prefer Kotlin for its modern features.
Rust has gained attention for its focus on memory safety and performance. It's suitable for systems programming and is being explored for areas like game development and building high-performance applications.
These languages are all relatively easy to learn and have a lot of resources available online. They are also all in high demand, so you will be well-positioned for a career in programming if you learn any of them.