How to build and deploy Java Spring boot application using Docker

How to build and deploy Java Springboot application using Docker

Docker is a containerization system that allows us to create containers that are isolated from the environment and destroy them whenever needed. With Docker, it is easy to spin up containers in milliseconds of time and also to delete them. Thus, Docker is one of the most popular tools for the DevOps Team.

Microservices architecture is trending currently, after knowing all benefits it provides, more and more developers, and the DevOps team is diverting in using micro service architecture.
One of the core components for this is getting your code and infrastructure ready to build and deploy such microservices.

In this article, we are going to see step by step guide on how to build a jar file for your java spring boot code and deploy a jar file using Docker which will take less than 5 minutes to implement. Let’s get started


  1. Install Docker and Docker Compose
  2. Know JDK and Gradle version for your code

1. Clone your project

  • Clone your project in required directory inside server.
  • Checkout required branch
  • Make sure Docker is installed in the system

2. Create Dockerfile

At current working directory, where we cloned our code,

  • Go inside directory
  • Create new Dockerfile
  • Paste below-mentioned code
FROM gradle as dependencies
ADD . .
RUN gradle build
FROM openjdk:13.0.2-jdk-slim
COPY --from=dependencies /app/build/libs/spring-boot-0.0.1-SNAPSHOT.jar app.jar
ENTRYPOINT exec java $JAVA_OPTS -jar app.jar
  1. Mention gradle version as per your project’s requirement

1. Mention gradle version as per your project’s requirement

  • I have used latest version, as it’s sample code which works on recent gradle version
  • You can find tag for your gradle version from here

2. Add all project files from current directory to Docker container to create a build

  • If few files are not required to be copied, you can mention them in .dockerignore file

3. RUN gradle command as per your requirement to create Jar file

  • Here, as my project is simple, I have taken only gradle build command which creates Jar file from my source code
  • You can use gradle clean build also

4. In previous step, our Jar file got created. Now, Let’s again take jdk image and run this jar file

  • Choose JDK version as per your project’s requirement
  • I have used latest version, you can find tag for your JDK image from here

In this tutorial, we have used multi-stage Dockerfile, in first stage, it will create jar file using gradle image, which we will copy to openjdk image in upcoming steps, and in the end gradle container will be destroyed
Learn more

5. Now, let’s copy jar file created from previous step, and copy it to current openjdk container

  • take exact jar filename that will be created from your code, and paste it here with full path in reference to previous container image(gradle)
  • You can find this file name from pom.xml file, with mainly 2 tags as artifactId or name and version

6. Pass environment variable if required to run this jar file (optional)

7. Expose port number mentioned in your spring boot application. By default it is 8080


8. Finally, paste command to run this jar file

java $JAVA_OPTS -jar app.jar

Now, as we have understood this Dockerfile, let’s go ahead, build it and run it

3. Build Dockerfile

To run this Dockerfile, run mentioned command

docker build -t java-springboot:1 . 

where, java-springboot is your image name and 1 is image tag

After successfully building your java code, let’s deploy it using docker command

4. Deploy Docker image

docker run -d --name java-spring --restart always -p 8080:8080 java-springboot:1

here -p contains 2 ports system port and container port, if 8080 port on system is not available, you can change it via changing the first parameter -p 80:8080, it will start serving on system’s 80 port. 

It will run your docker container containing your Jar file created from Java Spring boot code

And Done!!!!

5. Automation

You can also automate this use case, using simple shell-script as below


docker build -t java-springboot:latest . 
docker rm -f java-spring || date
docker run -d --name java-spring --restart always -p 8080:8080 java-springboot:latest

Here, in the 2nd line, we have used pipeline operator, so even if container is not running, script won’t fail at that step.

6. Test

To test it,

curl localhost:8080
curl $Elastic-IP:8080

If you want to share this Docker image with your teammates or colleagues, simply upload it to Docker hub or AWS ECR and share it, you won’t require to share all source code, only with this Docker image, they will be able to run it.

To know how to upload it to AWS ECR and Docker hub, follow provided links

Share your views about this article in comment section below.

Do share it if you find it useful

Drafted On,
April 11th, 2021
DevOps @

[1] Docker
[2] Install Docker and Docker Compose
[3] What is MultiStage Dockerfile
[4] How to push and pull private docker images on Docker Hub
[5] How to push and pull private docker images on AWS ECR

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